Khortytsia Island is a large island on the Dnieper river, extending from northwest to southeast for more than twelve kilometers, has an average width of 2,500 meters. The Khortytsia Island faces modern Zaporizhia across the Dnieper River, was one of the historic locations for the Zaporizhian Sich (main fortress capital of the Cossack state). Nowadays, Khortysia is designated a national museum.
In 15-17 centuries this place was famous of the cossacs’ fortress Zaporizka Sich. Zaporizhian Sich was the center of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, who were a power in the steppes north of the Black Sea.
Zaporizhia is a city in south-central Ukraine on the banks of the Dnieper River. It is the administrative center of the Zaporizhia region.
Zaporizhia is a home for the hydroelectric power plant known as “DnieproGES.” Zaporizhia takes its name from the nine Dnieper cataracts, which were leveled in the 1930s, when the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station was constructed immediately upstream. Only granite cliffs, rising to the height of 50 meters, testify to the original rocky terrain of the site.