The Carpathian chain is usually divided into three major parts: the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary), the Eastern Carpathians (South-Eastern Poland, Eastern Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania) and the Southern Carpathians (Romania, Serbia).
The Ukrainians sometimes denote as “Eastern Carpathians” only the Ukrainian Carpathians (or Wooded Carpathians), i.e., basically the part situated largely on their territory, while the Romanians sometimes denote as “Eastern Carpathians” only the other part, which lies on their territory (i.e., from the Ukrainian border or from the Prislop Pass to the south).
The Carpathian biosphere reserve in Ukraine has great tourism-recreational potential. There are a number of natural phenomena and great representation of cultural and historical heritage in the Reserve. Each part of thee Biosphere reserve has typical, unique natural objects. For example, a visiting card of Chornohirskyi massif is the highest mountain in Ukraine – Hoverla (2061 m a.s.l.), which attracts thousands of tourists. Close by, there are more than 2000m height – Petros, Rebra, Brebeneskyl and other mountains. The Rakhiv mountains are located in the south direction. There is the Pip-Ivan-Maramoroskyi mountain (1940 m a.s.l.) in the area. Typical features of the massif are deep inter-mountainous valleys, glacial cirques, numerous rocky ridges and summits. Such classical alpine relief is not represented anywhere else in the territory of the Ukrainian Carpathians, and is called the Hutsul Alps. The highest part of Svydovets with the Blyznytsa summits is included to the Svydovets protected massif. The adornment of Svydovets is the legendary Blyznytsi and growing over there edelweisses, attract thousands of tourists annually. Their main outpost is not the less famous shelter “Drahobrat”, which name was borrowed from the summit, located close by. The mountain Drahobrat is a unique phenomenon for the Carpathian region. In winter, this is the mountain-skiing and skiing sport, in summer – mountain, walking and cycle tourism, and even, extreme tourism. One of the Zakarpattya pearls – the famous “Valley of Narcissi” is found in the middle of Khust-Solotvynska valley, in the ancient terrace of the Tysa river. This small site in the flood-plain of the Khustets river is a unique botanical object, in which the last in Europe flat habitat of Narcissus angustifoliate (Narcissus angustifolius) is protected. The volcanic Carpathians are represented in the Carpathian biosphere reserve by two small preserves “Chorna hora” /Black mountain/ and “Yulivska hora”/Yulivska mountain/. In the region of the Carpathian biosphere reserve’s location live several ethnic groups of the Ukrainian mountain-dwellers – Hutsuls, Lemki and others. They are notable for their original culture, formed to a great degree, under the influence of the severe mountainous conditions. The Carpathians possess certain features of a continental climate, although from the viewpoint of relief they constitute a sort of island amid the surrounding plains, where the climate is much drier.
All the material is prepared by a local tour guide in Kiev Anna Dmitrenko.